Pufendorf, Samuel, Freiherr von [1632-1694]. Carmichael, Gerschom [1672-1729], Editor. De Officio Hominis et Civis, Juxta Legem Naturalem, Libri Duo. Supplementis & Observationibus in Academicae Juventutis usum Auxit & Illustravit Gerschomus Carmichael. Basel: Impensis Joannis Brandmulleri, 1739. xxii, , 503,  pp. Octavo (6-1/2" x 4"). Contemporary vellum, title panel to spine. Light soiling, moderate rubbing to extremities, vellum just beginning to crack through pastedowns. Early owner inscription to front pastedown, another to foot of title page, which is printed in red and black, moderate toning and light foxing to text. $250. * Later edition. De Officio is a synopsis of Pufendorf's De Jure Naturae et Gentium, a landmark work that proposed a thorough system of private, public, and international law based on natural law. Beginning with a consideration of fundamental legal ideas and their various divisions, Pufendorf proceeds to a discussion of the validity of customs, the doctrines of necessity and innate human reason. It is significant in part because it develops principles introduced by Grotius and Hobbes. Unlike Hobbes, Pufendorf argued that peace, not war, was the state of nature, and he proposed that the scope of international law was not restricted to Christendom. Carmichael was a Scottish philosopher. Highly regarded for its notes, his edition was first published in 1707. Provenance: From the library of the eminent historian Brian Tierney [1922-2019], an expert on the relationship between church and state in medieval Europe. This edition not in the British Museum Catalogue.
Book number 70999