A Classic Treatise on International Maritime Law Grotius, Hugo. The Freedom of the Seas or The Right which Belongs to the Dutch to Take Part in the East Indian Trade. Translated with a Revision of the Latin Text of 1633 by Ralph van Deman Magoffin. Edited with an Introductory Note by James Brown Scott. Originally published: New York: Oxford University Press, 1916. xv, 79, 79, 81-83 pp. Main text paged in duplicate with translation and original Latin text on facing leaves (total 182 pp). Reprinted 2001, 2017 by The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd. ISBN-13: 9781584771821; ISBN-10: 1584771828. Hardcover. New. $22.95 * Translation of Grotius' work, Mare Liberum, with Latin and English on facing pages. This groundbreaking work was commissioned by the Dutch East India Company to dispute the monopoly on East Indian trade routes claimed by the Portuguese. It argues that the seas are international territory open to all nations, thus rejecting the idea that any area of the seas could belong to a country. An instant classic, it received a great deal of attention when it was published in 1609. Perhaps the most important reply is John Selden's Mare Clausum (1635), which defends British claims to sovereignty over the coastal waters of the British Isles. HUGO GROTIUS [1583-1645] a pre-eminent contributor to international legal doctrine, was an influential Dutch jurist, philosopher, and theologian. Grotius is also known for De Jure Belli ac Pacis (On the Law of War and Peace), originally published in 1625, which is widely considered to be the first master treatise on international law, and De Jure Praedae (1604), in which he argues against territorial sovereignty of the seas.
Book number 32378