First Edition in French of "The Foundation of Modern International Law" Grotius, Hugo [1583-1645]. Courtin, [Antoine de], Translator. Le Droit de la Guerre et de la Paix, Divise en Trois Livres, Ou il Explique Le Droit De Nature, Le Droit des Gens, & Les Principaux Points du Droit Public, Ou qui Concerne le Gouvernement Public d'un Etat. Traduit Du Latin En Francois, Par Monsieur de Courtin. Paris: Chez Arnould Seneuze, 1687. Two volumes. [xlviii], 621, ; [iii], 304, 197,  pp. Signatures T and V in Volume II (pp. 153-168) bound in reverse order. Title preceded by copperplate allegorical title page, main text preceded by copperplate portrait of Courtin. Quarto (10" x 7-1/2"). Contemporary mottled calf, gilt spines with raised bands and lettering pieces, speckled edges. Moderate rubbing to extremities, chipping to spine ends, corners bumped and somewhat worn, a few small scuffs to boards, a few partial cracks to text block. Moderate toning to text, somewhat darker in places, foxing and dampstaining in a few places, worming to rear pastedown and margins of final 40 leaves of Volume II, a few chips to edges of preliminaries. Early owner annotations and signatures to front pastedowns and title pages, interiors otherwise clean. An handsome copy. $2,000. * First edition in French. With side-notes and index. Of all his numerous works De Jure Belli ac Pacis will always be considered Grotius' magnum opus, the work upon which his reputation most solidly rests. "The distinction between religion and law or morality is not clearly made, but Grotius' principle of an immutable law, which God can no more alter than a mathematical axiom, was the first expression of the droit naturel, the natural law which exercised the great political theorists of the eighteenth century, and is the foundation of modern international law" (Carter and Muir). The first edition, in Latin, was published in Paris 1625. The first French-language edition is scarce. The last copy to appear at auction was in 2006, where it sold for $6,000. Carter and Muir, Printing and the Mind of Man 125 (citing first edition, in Latin). Ter Muelen and Diermanse, Bibliographie des Ecrits Imprimes de Hugo Grotius 650.
Book number 64427