Rare Essay on Injustice Bound with a Warning About Standing Armies [Justice]. [Great Britain]. The State Of Justice Impartially Considered. By The Civil, Natural, And National Law. With Some Curious Admonitions For The Use Of Drousy Bishops, Sleepy Judges And Stupid Magistrates. Wherein The Great Delay Off Justice Is Fully Exposed. London: Printed by E. Rayner, for the author, and sold by the booksellers of London and Westminster, [1732?]. 47,  pp. [Bound with] Trenchard, Thomas [1662-1723]. A Short History of Standing Armies in England. London: Printed in the Year 1698. And Now Re-Printed and Sold by W. France, 1731. 70 pp. Octavo (7-1/4" x 4-1/2"). Stab-stitched pamphlets bound into recent period-style quarter calf over marbled boards, gilt-edged raised bands to spine. Light toning to text, somewhat heavier in places, light foxing to a few leaves. Excellent copies in a handsome binding. $2,500 * State of Justice: only edition; Short History: reissue of a title issued three times in 1698. The anonymous author of The State of Justice positions himself as an opponent of bribery and the sale of offices and sinecures and a supporter of an equal distribution of justice and the rule of law. He warns: "It is not the law alone that makes a right government, but upright justice, and the equal distribution of it, which ought to be deeper engraven in the hearts of those who are authorised to execute justice, than in tables of stone" (9). It is a learned, and somewhat cranky, essay filled with references to Roman, European and English history. Trenchard's Short Essay is a classic argument against standing armies, a central theme in the commonwealthmen tradition (that was quite influential in America). This issue was probably a reaction to the expansion of England's military establishment during the Anglo-Spanish War (1727-29) The State of Justice is a rare title. OCLC locates 6 copies worldwide, 4 in North America (Case Western Reserve University, Harvard Law School, Northwestern Law School, UNC-Chapel Hill). The ESTC adds the University of Kansas. English Short-Title Catalogue N23107, T126898.
Book number 65002