Manuscript Copy of an Important Edition of Colonial-Era Peruvian Mining Laws [Manuscript]. [Toledo, Francisco de (1515-1582)]. Ordenanzas de Minas del Peru, Tomo Primero y Unico. Peru?, c. 1678. 183,  pp. Folio (12" x 8"). Contemporary tree sheep, "Ordenanza del Peru" in bold early hand to front board, thong ties, catches lacking. Moderate rubbing and light scuffing to boards and extremities, spine ends and corners bumped, hinges cracked. Moderate toning to interior, faint stains to a few leaves. A fair copy, with a title page and index, in an elegant secretarial hand, text to rectos and versos of all but a few leaves. $3,500. * The Spanish conquest of Peru opened a new era in mining. At first, the intense exploitation of its vast mineral wealth was regulated by a patchwork of pertinent laws from Las Siete Partidas and other sources. It was soon discovered that these laws were not flexible enough to address local conditions, most notably the use of indigenous labor. Over time Spanish laws were supplanted by viceregal decrees and orders. In 1574, Viceroy Francisco de Toledo organized these provisions into a body of Ordenanzes that was approved by King Phillipp II. Known as the Ordenanzas de Toledo, these circulated as manuscript copies. Later copies carry additions of later viceroys; the latest entry in our copy is dated 1678. An official updated edition was issued in 1683. This was followed by first printed edition of mining laws in 1783 (which applied to all of New Spain). Intended for a small circle of users, few of Peruvian manuscript editions were produced. (It was not cost-effective to print these works.) Few copies exist today. We did not locate any copies in the auction databases or on OCLC. For a background history see Clagett, A Guide to the Law and Legal Literature of Peru 127.
Book number 68944