An Important Forerunner to Grotius Ayala, Balthazar [c.1548-1584]. Westlake, John [1828-1913], Editor. De Jure Et Officiis Bellicis Et Disciplina Militari Libri III. Washington: Carnegie Institution, 1912. [vi], xxvi, , 226,  pp. Frontispiece with tissue overlay. [With] Ayala, Balthazar. Bate, John Pawley, Translator, Notes. De Jure Et Officiis Bellicis Et Disciplina Militari Libri III. Translation of the Text, With Translator's Note and Index of Citations. Washington: Carnegie Institution, 1912. 10a, xii, 250 pp. Original cloth, some shelfwear and soiling, corners bumped, frontispiece of De Jure detached, hinges of translation volume cracked, interiors clean. Ex-library. Shelf label to spines, security tags to front boards, library stamps and markings to boards, edges, endleaves and title pages. $95. * A title in the Carnegie Classics of International Law series edited by James Brown Scott. This important treatise advanced the doctrine that civilians cannot be intentionally targeted by military forces. An important forerunner to Grotius, Ayala was a Spanish jurist who served as a military judge in the Spanish Netherlands.
Book number 69008