Impressive Portrait of Chief Justice Taney [American School, 19th/20th Century]. [Healy, George P.A. (1813-1894), After]. [Taney, Roger Brooke (1777-1864)]. [Portrait of Roger Brooke Taney]. 40-3/4" x 33" (image size). N.p., n.d. $6,500. Oil on canvas in ornate nineteenth-century gilded wood frame, plaque reading "Rodger [sic] Brooke Taney/ Nat 1813-Ob 1864 / Chief Justice of the United States 1836-1864" to head of frame. A few small nicks and chips to frame, gilding slightly dulled, otherwise fine. $6,500. * Taney held many state and federal political and legal positions and became chief justice of the United States Supreme Court in 1836, a post he held until his death in 1864. As chief justice, he is known for the notorious Dred Scott decision (1857), which ruled that a slave who had resided in a free state or territory was not entitled to his freedom and that African-Americans were not and could never be citizens of the United States. It also invalidated the Missouri Compromise of 1820, which prohibited slavery west of Missouri and north of latitude 36?30.' This portrait belonged to the Philadelphia Bar Association. Founded in 1802, it is the oldest association of lawyers in the United States. Its library, where this portrait was last displayed, was renamed the Theodore F. Jenkins Memorial Law Library in 1967.
Book number 69066