The First Criminal Code Influenced by Beccaria [Tuscany]. [Pietro Leopoldo, Grand Duke (1765-1790)]. [Howard, John (1726-1790), Attributed Author, Translator]. Edict of the Grand Duke of Tuscany, For the Reform of Criminal Law in His Dominions: Translated from the Italian: Together with the Original. Warrington: Printed by W.Eyres, 1789. x, 67, , lv pp. Octavo (8-1/2" x 5-1/2"). Stab-stitched pamphlet bound into later library cloth, red and black calf lettering pieces to spine, endpapers added. Light shelfwear and soiling, a few chips to edges of lettering pieces. Moderate toning to text, preliminaries and first leaf of main text detached and edgeworn, with heavier edgewear and fragments of cellotape along gutter, embossed library stamps to half-title and title page, "Distributed by John Howard Esq." to foot of title page in contemporary hand, a few small library marks to verso. $1,000. * Only edition. English translation followed by original Italian text. Attributed to the English penal reformer John Howard, the Tuscan Penal Code of 1786 was the first to apply ideas from Beccaria's Dei Delitti e delle Pene (1764). It abolished the death penalty, the use of torture, mutilation and confiscation and embraced a variety to reforms to simplify criminal procedure and make it fairer to the accused. Distributed free of charge, Howard's English edition was intended to promote the code's principles in Great Britain. English Short-Title Catalogue T74635.
Book number 70086