Jus Divinum or Jus Divinum Regum? Carter, John. Vindiciae Decimarum. Of Tithes, A Plea for the Ius Divinum. Drawne from the Text. London: T. Cotes, 1640. (iv), 56 pp. First leaf blank. Quarto (7" x 5-1/4"). Stab-stitched pamphlet bound into recent period-style quarter calf over marbled boards, gilt title to spine, endpapers added. Title page printed in red and black within typographical border. Moderate toning occasional light soiling or staining to margins, faint early pen doodle to foot of final page. An appealing copy. $500. * Only edition. Ostensibly an academic study of tithes, this is a response to the opening phase of the intense conflict between Charles I and the Church of Scotland that would help push England into its civil war. Charles wanted to bring the Scottish church under state control and align its practices and creed with those of the Church of England. In 1638 Charles's opponents, or Covenanters, who drawn mostly from the Scottish nobility and clergy, declared their commitment to keep the church away from state control. The notion of tithes was a central point; the Covenanters argued for Jus Divinum, a belief that tithes are paid to the church. Charles believed in Jus Divinum Regum, which directed tithes to a state church through a monarch. OCLC and the ESTC locate no copies in North American law libraries. English Short-Title Catalogue S118338.
Book number 70100