An Influential Spanish Work Addressing the Relationship Between Church and State Alvarez de Abreu, Antonio [1683-1756]. Victima Real Legal, Discurso Unico Juridico-Historico-Politico, Sobre que las Vacantes Mayores, Y Menores de las Iglesias de las Indias Occidentales, Pertenecen a la Corona de Castilla, Y Leon, Con Pleno, Y Absoluto Dominio. Madrid: En la imprenta de Antonio Marin, 1726. [xl], XXIV, , 365,  pp. Folio (11-1/4" x 8"). Contemporary flexible vellum, fragments of thong ties, faint early hand-lettered title to spine. Light rubbing and a few minor scuffs and stains to boards, moderate rubbing to extremities with some wear to spine ends, pastedowns beginning to detach, front hinge cracked. Title printed in red and black within typographical border. Light toning to text, slightly heavier in places, early repair to hole near foot of title page with no loss to text. $1,950. * First edition. Abreu, a member of the Spanish nobility, spent much of his career as a colonial official and law professor in Caracas, Havana and Veracruz. Returning to Spain in his later years, he held a series of posts in the royal finance ministry. Victima Real Legal argues that rents and moneys accruing to vacant positions in the churches of the Spanish Empire belong to the king, a concept known as regalism. An influential work on church-state relations, it also addresses other topics, such as freedom of the seas, marriage, estates, war and hegemony. It had a second edition in 1769. Both editions of this work are scarce. OCLC locates 2 copies of the first edition in North American law libraries (Harvard, UC-Berkeley). Palau, Manual del Librero Hispano-Americano 9444.
Book number 70305