First English-Language Edition of PMM 209: "One of the Most Influential Books in the Whole History of Criminology" Beccaria, [Cesare Bonesana, Marchese de] [1738-1794]. Voltaire (Arouet, Francois-Marie) [1694-1778]. An Essay on Crimes and Punishments, Translated from the Italian; With a Commentary, Attributed to Mons. De Voltaire, Translated from the French. London: Printed for J. Almon, 1767. xii, 179, , lxxix,  pp. Last page blank. Octavo (8" x 5"). Contemporary calf, raised bands and lettering piece to spine. Light rubbing, minor worming and a few minor scuffs to boards, moderate rubbing to extremities, creasing to spine, chipping to spine ends, corners bumped and moderately worn, front joint starting at ends, rear joint and hinge partially cracked. Moderate toning, occasional worming to margins, leaves F4-F5 (pp. 71-74) partially detached and lightly edgeworn, two early owner signatures (of F.J. Atkinson and W. Hart)to title page. $3,750. * First edition in English. First published in Livorno in 1764 as Dei Delitti e Delle Pene, this landmark work is, to quote Printing and the Mind of Man, "one of the most influential books in the whole history of criminology. It is significant because it was the first systematic study of the subject. Infused with the spirit of the Enlightenment, its advocacy of crime prevention and the abolition of torture and capital punishment marked a significant advance in criminological thought, which had changed little since the Middle Ages. It had a profound influence on the development of criminal law. It was especially influential among American thinkers, such as Thomas Jefferson, who wished to use Beccaria to reform the system of criminal law Americans inherited from England. Printing and the Mind of Man 209. Sowerby, Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson 2349. English Short-Title Catalogue T138985.
Book number 71633