The Case of Henry Simons, A Polish Jew Merchant [bound with] The Case.
The First Instance of a New Trial Being Granted in a Criminal Case in England [Trial]. Simons, Henry, Defendant. The Case of Henry Simons, A Polish Jew Merchant; And His Appeal to the Public Thereon. Now Publish'd, With the Tryal at Chelmsford, For the Benefit of Him and His Unhappy Family. London: Printed, And Sold by All the Booksellers and Pamphlet Shops in Town and Country, 1753. 115 pp. [Bound with] [Ashley, James, Defendant]. [Simons, Henry, Plaintiff]. The Case and Appeal of James Ashley of Bread-Street, London: Addressed to the Publick in General. In Relation to I. The Apprehending Henry Simons, The Polish Jew, On a Warrant Issued Out Against Him for Perjury; II. His Trial, And Conviction of a Capital Misdemeanor, Last Lent-Assizes, Held at Chelmsford for the County of Essex; III. His Second Trial, At the Subsequent Assizes, For the Same Offence, And Surprising Acquittal; IV. An Action Brought, And the Cruel Verdict Obtained, Against the Said James Ashley, And Others. Interspersed Throughout with Many Very Uncommon Particulars. To Which is Prefixed, A Curious Print of the Person and Dress of the Said Henry Simons. London: Printed for, And Published by, The Appellant, 1753. [viii], 47 pp. Text printed in double columns. Etched portrait frontispiece of Simons. Octavo (7-3/4" x 4-1/2"). Stab-stitched pamphlets bound into recent cloth, calf lettering piece to spine. Light stains to boards, moderate rubbing to extremities, small scuff to lettering piece, later owner bookplate (of Geoffrey G. Briggs) to front free endpaper. Moderate toning to both pamphlets, left-hand edge of plate, but not image, affected by trimming, light foxing and owner inscription ("Wm. Greenwood's 1811") to title page of The Case, tiny worm hole to lower-right corner of its text block through p. 91. $3,000. * Only editions, Case and Appeal one of three issues. This was the first instance of a new trial being granted in a criminal case in England. The affair concerned the robbery of gold coins entrusted to Simons by a group of nobles from his home town. The case resulted in six trials, three pamphlets and a great deal of debate in the daily newspapers, much of it anti-Semitic. The thief appeared to have been Simons's innkeeper, but it later turned out to be James Ashley, who was first convicted, then acquitted, then convicte.
Book number 72396