Print Commemorating an Event that Led to the Glorious Revolution Gole, Jacob [1660-1724], Engraver. De Seven Bisschoppen van Engeland. Amsterdam: [Published by P. Savoret and Jacob Gole], 1689. 18-3/4" x 14-1/2" Mezzotint broadside, image size 14-3/4" x 11." Faint horizontal crease through center, light soiling to lower-right corner. $750. * This broadside commemorates an event that led to the Glorious Revolution: the imprisonment of the Seven Bishops of the Church of England who defied the Declaration of Indulgence. Above the bishops are images of a mire, a circular medal depicting the Tower of London, where the bishops were held, and a circular medal depicting and the scales of justice. The image is captioned below the image in Dutch and French. Gole was an early mezzotint engraver and publisher of playing-cards. A French-born Huguenot, he moved to Holland around 1684, shortly before the revocation of the Edict of Nantes. A victory for Catholics and non-conforming Protestants, the Declaration of Indulgence issued by the Catholic King James II in 1688 granted religious freedom in England by suspending the laws that required membership in the Church of England. It allowed people to worship according to their conscience in their homes or private chapels and, more important, removed the requirement of affirming conformity to the Church of England by oath in order to hold a government job or teaching position. Seven bishops who preached against these reforms were imprisoned and tried for seditious libel. Immediately famous as defenders of Protestantism, they were acquitted at trial. O'Donoghue, Catalogue of Engraved British Portraits Preserved in the Department of Prints and Drawings in the British Museum 6.
Book number 72457