[United States Supreme Court]. [First Amendment Rights]. Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District 393 U.S. 503 (1969). Washington: United States Government Printing Office, 1969. Original tan buckram, blind frames to boards, red and black lettering pieces to spine. Slight creasing to spine, negligible shelfwear and soiling, library stamps to front pastedown, card pocket to front free endpaper, internally clean. $150. * First edition. A landmark decision by the United States Supreme Court that defined First Amendment rights of students in U.S. public schools. The Tinker test, also known as the "substantial disruption" test, is still used by courts today to determine whether a school's interest to prevent disruption infringes upon students' First Amendment rights. The court's 7-2 decision held that the First Amendment applied to public schools, and that administrators would have to demonstrate constitutionally valid reasons for any specific regulation of speech in the classroom. The court observed, "It can hardly be argued that either students or teachers shed their constitutional rights to freedom of speech or expression at the schoolhouse gate." Justice Abe Fortas wrote the majority opinion, holding that the speech regulation at issue in Tinker was "based upon an urgent wish to avoid the controversy which might result from the expression, even by the silent symbol of armbands, of opposition to this Nation's part in the conflagration in Vietnam."
Book number 73302