Oldham, James. Trial by Jury: The Seventh Amendment and Anglo-American Special Juries. New York: New York University Press, . ix, 355 pp. Publisher's black cloth over white boards, hardcover, very good, in a lighly worn dust jacket. Small number 9 on upper front cover of the dustjacket and at the top of spine. Small label with ISBN and bookstore name and price on lower rear dustjacket. Inscribed by the author on title page: "November 2006/ For Judge John Nichols/ With Best wishes/ J Oldham." $75. * First edition. While the right to be judged by one's peers in a court of law appears to be a hallmark of American law, protected in civil cases by the Seventh Amendment to the Constitution, the civil jury is actually an import from England. Legal historian James Oldham assembles a mix of his signature essays and new work on the history of jury trial, tracing how trial by jury was transplanted to America and preserved in the Constitution. Trial by Jury begins with a rigorous examination of English civil jury practices in the late eighteenth century, including how judges determined one's right to trial by jury and who composed the jury. Oldham then considers the extensive historical use of a variety of "special juries," such as juries of merchants for commercial cases and juries of women for claims of pregnancy. Special juries were used for centuries in both English and American law, although they are now considered antithetical to the idea that American juries should be drawn from jury pools that reflect reasonable cross-sections of their communities. An introductory overview addresses the relevance of Anglo-American legal tradition and history in understanding America's modern jury system. Publisher's description.
Book number 74222