JUS GENTIUM

Journal of International Legal History

JUS GENTIUM Journal of International Legal History is the first dedicated journal in the United States addressing the history of international law. Much current scholarship on the history of international law is preoccupied not with international law, but with international legal doctrine; the doctrinal writings of remarkably few individuals dominate the discourse while the rest remain unseen or overlooked. This journal will encourage further exploration in the archives, for new materials and confirmation of the accuracy of past uses, and welcomes the continued reassessment of international legal history in all of its dimensions.

EDITOR

William E. Butler, John Edward Fowler Distinguished Professor of Law, Pennsylvania State University

EDITORIAL BOARD

Jean Allain, Monash University, Australia
Arnulf Becker Lorca, Brown University
Olga V. Butkevych, Kyiv Shevchenko National University
Volodymyr Butkevych, Sometime Judge, European Court of Human Rights
Chen Yifeng, Peking University Law School
Vincent Chetail, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva
Mark Janis, University of Connecticut School of Law; Visiting Fellow, University of Oxford
Peter Macalister-Smith, Ph.D., Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and  International Law, Heidelberg, Germany
Oleksandr Merezhko, Andrzej Frycz Modrzewski Krakow University
Stephen Neff, University of Edinburgh
Alexander Orakhelashvili, University of Birmingham, England
Michael Palmer, University of London SOAS & IALS
Grigorii S. Starodubtsev, RussianAcademy of National Economy and Public Administration
Alexander Vylegzhanin, Moscow State Institute of International Relations

ASSOCIATE EDITORS (Vol. 4 No. 2)

Michael Kwon
Andrew Lindhome

 

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Issued twice a year, in January and July

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CONTENTS

Vol. 4, No. 2

July 2019

ARTICLES

British and French Archives Relating to Ownership of the Paracel Islands: 1900-1975
Anthony Carty

The Just War in Florentine Political Discourse: c. 1200-1400
Ryan Greenwood

The History of Comity
Thomas Schultz
Jason Mitchenson

French as a Diplomatic and Official Language in Imperial Russia
Vladimir Rjéoutski
Derek Offord
Gesine Argent

Baron M. A. von Taube: Historian of International Law
W. E. Butler
V. S. Ivanenko

The Making of China’s Foremost Diplomat and International Judge
Li Chen

International Law as a Living Legal System: Eugene Ehrlich’s Conception in Modern Times
Olga Butkevych

NOTES AND COMMENTS

On the Fate of the Grabar Doctoral Dissertation and Degree
W. E. Butler

Classical and Modern Traditions in Kharkiv University: International and European Law
O. A. Gavrylenko
T. L. Syroed

Manning’s Commentaries on the Law of Nations
William E. Butler
Michael Kwon

DOCUMENTS AND OTHER EVIDENCE OF STATE PRACTICE

The Martens Treatise: Missing Passages
William E. Butler

Contemporary International Law of Civilized Nations (1882)[Excerpt]
F. F. Martens

History and Law of the Case of the Caldera
V. K. Wellington Koo

Treaty Collections Relating to China during the Colonial Era: Annotations, Bibliography, Chronology
Peter Macalister-Smith
Joachim Schwietzke

FROM THE LITERATURE

 

Vol. 4, No. 1

January 2019

ARTICLES

Archives on Historical Titles to South China Sea Islands: The Spratlys

A. Carty

 Ignatii Ivanovskii: First Head of the Chair of International Law at St. Petersburg University

V. I. Ivanenko

 Island of Hope in the Vortex of Revolution: The Georgian Consul General in Odessa, 1918-1919

T. Korotkyi

A. Khevtsurian

 Petrażycki’s Psychological Theory of Private International Law

O. O. Merezhko

NOTES AND COMMENTS

F. F. Martens: Russian Scholar, Diplomat, and Arbitrator

W. E. Butler

V. I. Ivanenko

DOCUMENTS AND OTHER EVIDENCE OF STATE PRACTICE

Imperial Russian Marine Legislation: 1803/1817

W. E. Butler

Vsevolod Pievich Danevskii: A Life Well-Lived

G. S. Starodubtsev

Latin American Treaty Collections and International Law Textbooks: From Independence to World War One

P. Macalister-Smith

J. Schwietzke

FROM THE LITERATURE

  

Vol. 3, No. 2

July 2018

ARTICLES

Arbitration at Vienna: Recasting the History of International Dispute Resolution

S. Harris

The Rising Generation of International Lawyers at St. Petersburg University: Zaremba and Spasovich

V. I. Ivanenko

The Baltimore Incident and American Naval Expansion

Mark W. Podvia

 The 1917 Russian Revolution and International Law

O. O. Merezhko

The Development of the Science of International Law at the Koretsky Institute of State and Law

K. O. Savchuk

I. M. Protsenko

Currency Control, Exchange Contracts, and War: Boissevain v. Weil

J. Anderson

Brown v. United States and Confiscation of Enemy Property

Isaac Schaphorst

NOTES AND COMMENTS

Kronid Malyshev and the Renaissance of Private International Law

V. I. Ivanenko

On Teaching the History of International Law

W. E. Butler

 The People as a Subject of International Law

I. O. Kresina

O. V. Kresin

DOCUMENTS AND OTHER EVIDENCE OF STATE PRACTICE

Brief Calendar of International Practice for Spain and Portugal 1641 to 1818

P. Macalister-Smith

J. Schwietzke

Book Review

Philippe Sands, Східно-західна вулция. Повернення до Львова 671 [East West Street:

Return to Lviv] (2017)

T. R. Korotkyĭ

N. Pashkovskyĭ

FROM THE LITERATURE

 

Vol. 3, No. 1

January 2018

ARTICLES

The International-Legal Ideology of Pre-Slavic Chiefdoms

of the Ukrainian Ethnos (Part Four)

V. G. Butkevych

Boston in the State of Nature, 1761-1765: The Birth of an American Constitutional Trope

Mark Somos

The Gulf of Fonseca and International Law: Condominium or Anti-Colonial Imperialism?

Christopher Rossi

Suzerainty and the 1914 Simla Agreement

Amy Kellam

Raphael Lemkin: Inventing and Codifying Genocide

V. Popovski

NOTES AND COMMENTS

The Status of Egypt After the 1840 Convention of London

M. Mulligan

Private International Law in Russia: The Earliest Work

V. S. Ivanenko

Myths and Facts of the Russian Science of Private International Law: The Legacy of M. I. Brun

L. Anufrieva

Looking for Professor B. E. Nolde

V. V. Veeder

INTERNATIONAL LEGAL DOCTRINE

The Abbé Ferdinando Galiani and Neutrality

W. E. Butler

On the Reciprocal Rights of Belligerents and Neutrals

Abbé Galiani

DOCUMENTS AND OTHER EVIDENCE OF STATE PRACTICE

Treaty Collections Relating to Russia: A Baseline Historical

Survey in Comparative Perspective

P. Macalister-Smith

J. Schwietzke

FROM THE LITERATURE

 

Vol. 2, No. 2

ON THE CENTENARY OF THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTIONS

July 2017

ARTICLES

The 1917 October Russian Revolution and International Law

G. S. Starodubtsev

The International-Legal Ideology of Pre-Slavic Chiefdoms of the Ukrainian Ethnos (Part Three)

V. G. Butkevych

On the Origins of the Ukrainian Science of International Law

O. O. Merezhko

The Nezabytovskyĭ Concept of the Law of International Community

Olga Butkevych

Legal Status of the Bering Strait: Historical and Legal Context

A. N. Vylegzhanin

On the History of Teaching International Law at St. Petersburg University

W. E. Butler

V. S. Ivanenko

Interwar Lithuania as a Laboratory of International Law

Eglė Bendikaitė

NOTES AND COMMENTS

Vladimir Grabar, Peter Lombard, John Mair, and the History of International Law

W. E. Butler

The Charles Cramer Archive: A Russian Consul in America and Europe

W. E. Butler

INTERNATIONAL LEGAL DOCTRINE

Biographical Note: On the Life and Work of Tikhon Fedorovich Stepanov

W. E. Butler

All-People’s Law in Aggregate with Diplomacy

T. F. Stepanov

REVIEWS

James Haley, The Shores of Tripoli (2016)

T. Bouman

Timothy Barney, Mapping the Cold War (2015)

J. Anderson

Steven Press, Rogue Empires (2017)

S. Harris

A. A. Sachedina, Islam and the Challenge of Human Rights (2009)

A. Tomlinson

DOCUMENTS AND OTHER EVIDENCE OF STATE PRACTICE

A Brief Calendar of State Practice for Russia During the First World War: 1914 to 1924 (Part Two 1919–1924)

P. Macalister-Smith

J. Schwietzke

IN MEMORIAM

Oleksandr V. Zadorozhnyĭ (1960–2017)

W. E. Butler

O. V. Kresin

FROM THE LITERATURE

  

Vol. 2, No. 1

January 2017

ARTICLES

The International-Legal Ideology Pre-Slavic Chiefdoms of the Ukrainian Ethnos (Part Two)

V. G. Butkevych

The Limits of International Agreement: Belligerent Rights vs. Submarine Cable Security in the Nineteenth Century

Douglas Howland

The Means to the End and the End of the Means: Self-Determination, Decolonization, and International Law

Miriam McKenna

NOTES AND COMMENTS

Piracy in the United States Supreme Court: United States v. Palmer

V. Vasquez

United States v. Smith: The Influence of Commodore John Daniel Danels

J. G. Gorman, III

The Malek Adhel and Shipowner Liability for Piracy

B. J. Forgue

Worcester v. Georgia and Native American Tribal Sovereignty

R. L.  Armezzani

On the Russian Society of International Law (1880)

W. E. Butler

V. S. Ivanenko

Samuel Crandall and Treaty-Making in the United States

Taylor J. Wolf

REVIEWS

Arnulf Becker Lorca, Mestizo International Law: A Global Intellectual History (2014)

A. P. Useche

DOCUMENTS AND OTHER EVIDENCE OF STATE PRACTICE

Federal Law on the Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Russian Federation in a Foreign State and Permanent Representative (or Permanent Observer) of the Russian Federation or Attached to an International Organization (or in a Foreign State)

W. E. Butler

United States v. Smith (1820): Transcript Record

J. G. Gorman, III

A Brief Calendar of International Practice for Spain and Portugal: 1297 to 1641

P. Macalister-Smith

J. Schwietzke

A Brief Calendar of State Practice for Russia During the First World War: 1914 to 1924 (Part One 1914—1918)

P. Macalister-Smith

J. Schwietzke

FROM THE LITERATURE

 

Vol. 1, No. 2

July 2016

ARTICLES

The International-Legal Ideology of Pre-Slavic Chiefdoms of the Ukrainian Ethnos (Part One)

V. G. Butkevych

The Standard of Civilization on Trial at the United States/Mexico Claims Commission: 1923–1937

A. P. Useche

The Right to Cure under the Unidroit Principle Article 7.1.4: A Historical Analysis

G. Himeno

NOTES AND COMMENTS

Treaties of Kievan Rus (X–XIII Centuries): Cognition of the “Common” and the “Different” in the Law of States

S. V. Kudin

The Idea of the International Community in the History of International Law

E. A. Karakulian

Regional Traditions in Medieval International Law

E. V. Romins’kyi

On the Whittington United Nations Archive

W. E. Butler

G.A. Partin

The Charter of the United Nations: A Note on Publication of the Treaty

W.V. Whittington

Inventory of the William Vallie Whittington Manuscript Collection

Margot B. West

REVIEWS

Christopher N. Warren, Literature and the Law of Nations, 1580–1680

M.W. Janis

DOCUMENTS AND OTHER EVIDENCE OF STATE PRACTICE

On the Career of F.F. Martens: An Unknown Letter

W. E. Butler

Kievan Rus-Byzantium: Treaties of 907, 911, 944, and 971

D. H. Kaiser

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Publication of Treaty Collections Relating to Spain and Portugal in Historical Perspective: A Baseline Compilation

P. Macalister-Smith

J. Schwietzke

FROM THE LITERATURE

  

Vol. 1, No. 1

January 2016

By Way of Introduction...

W. E. Butler

ARTICLES

P. E. Kazanskii: “On his Character, Biography, Life, and Works, or What Has Been Left to His Descendants …”

L. P. Anufrieva

Origins of the Idea of Social International Law (XVI-XIX Centuries)

O. V. Kresin

NOTES AND COMMENTS

The History of International Law in the Mirror of Ancient Greek Literature

O. O. Merezhko

International Treaties, Heraldic Seals, and Bookplates: John Adams and John Quincy Adams

W. E. Butler

INTERNATIONAL LEGAL DOCTRINE

Biographical Note: Joseph-Mathias Gérard de Rayneval

Jean Allain

Institutions du Droit de la Nature, et Des Gens (1803) [Book Two]

Joseph-Mathias Gérard  de Rayneval

PERSONALIA

The Legal Scholarship of P. E. Kazanskii: A Bio-Bibliographical Essay

W. E. Butler

N. V. Hendel

T.R. Korotkvi

REVIEWS

M. A. Gazi (ed.), The Shorter Book of Muslim International Law

Jean Allain

A. I. Dmitriev and W. E. Butler (eds.), История международного права

O. O. Merezhko

DOCUMENTS AND OTHER EVIDENCE OF STATE PRACTICE

The Bentham Letters of Anti-Machiavel

W. E. Butler

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Jus Gentium and Globally-Conceived General Treaty Collections

P. Macalister-Smith

J. Schwietzke

IN MEMORIAM

Alfred P. Rubin (1931–2014)

FROM THE LITERATURE